Before the Eruption
- When Pompeii was destroyed in 79 AD, the population was roughly 20,000.
- 60% of the population was freemen while 40% were slaves.
- Two thirds of the city were occupied by private buildings such as shops, offices, inns, and houses,
- Outside of the city walls was the Necropolis or cemetary.
- The port of Pompeii was originally on the coast of the Bay of Naples, but the exact location has not been found.
- Its been said that the coast line moved further from Pompeii after the eruption of 79 AD due to the ash and pumice.
- August 24th, 79 AD is said to have been a beautiful day until Mt. Vesuvius awoke and began releasing smoke and rumbling.
- At midnight Mt. Vesuvius collapsed at the top and sent an avalanche of rocks and gases to Herculaneum, the other city majorly destroyed on the day of the eruption.
- Ash and pumice still fell on Pompeii for hours throughout the night, about six inches fell per hour.
- The next morning though, is when a fourth avalanche fell sending ash and gases and rocks to Pompeii, it buried the town and the towns people.
Results of the Eruption
- 2,000 people died during the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, many by suffocation from ash.
- About 20% of the population were killed.
- In some areas of Pompeii, 20 feet of ash and stone buried the city.
- Pompeii would remain this way till around 1748, when a peasant found parts of Pompeii under his vineyard.